COVID-19 Vaccine Questions and Answers

Scheduling Questions

Several COVID-19 vaccines must be thawed and used within certain limited periods of time. Therefore, please let us know if you are unable to attend your vaccine appointment for any reason. This will help us avoid wasting a vaccine dose that could have gone to someone else. 

If you are unable to keep a scheduled appointment, please let us know. Appointments can be cancelled using a Premier Health MyChart account or by completing our cancellation form.

You can reschedule your cancelled appointment by using our online scheduling. Rescheduling using MyChart is not available at this time. 

You may also choose to walk in to some vaccine clinics without an appointment. An appointment is requested but not required. Walk-ins will be taken on a first-come, first-served basis, with priority given to those with appointments.

An appointment is requested but not required for COVID-19 vaccinations. Walk-ins are welcome in some clinics and will be taken on a first-come, first-served basis, with priority given to those with appointments.

There are three ways to schedule an appointment:

  1. If you have an existing Premier Health MyChart account and are 40 years of age or older, you likely received an appointment scheduling request when you became eligible for the vaccine. You can use this request to schedule your vaccine appointment through MyChart.
  2. If you do not have a Premier Health MyChart account or do not have an active appointment scheduling request in your MyChart account, you can still schedule online (when appointments are available).
  3. We also offer a scheduling phone line from 8:30 to 5:00 p.m., seven days a week. Simply call (937) 276-4141(937) 276-4141

Lost Vaccine Card Questions

If you received your COVID-19 vaccination from Premier Health, getting your proof of vaccination is simple. The fastest way to get this information is by using your Premier Health MyChart account. Using your MyChart account means you do not need to fill out any paperwork before gaining access to your vaccine record.

Follow these simple steps to view your COVID-19 vaccination record in MyChart.

  1. Log into your MyChart account.
  2. Click the circular menu icon.
  3. In the menu under My Record, click COVID-19.
  4. Click the down arrow next to the green "COVID-19 vaccination complete" text. This will show you a record of any COVID-19 vaccination(s) you received from a Premier Health vaccination clinic.

We now offer a QR code option for sharing your vaccination records. Within your COVID-19 vaccination record, you can select the green button labeled QR codes. This will supply a QR code that can be scanned at participating locations to share your COVID-19 information.

If you would like to print your COVID-19 vaccination record, please use the website version of MyChart. Follow the instructions above. Once you see your vaccine information, click the printer icon at the top right of your screen. Printing may not be possible from a mobile device.

The fastest way to view your COVID-19 vaccination record is through a Premier Health MyChart account. Register for a new account.

If you want a copy of your vaccine record without using MyChart, you will first need to complete an Authorization for Release of Medical Information form. Visit our medical records section for more information. On the form, please specify COVID-19 vaccine record as the purpose of your request. It may take up to 30 days after your signed form is received for you to receive your vaccination record. 

General Questions

Due to the severe health risks associated with COVID-19 and the fact that re-infection with COVID-19 is possible, we encourage you to get a COVID-19 vaccine even if you have previously had COVID-19. The CDC says that experts do not yet know how long you’re protected from getting sick again after recovering from COVID-19.

If you have already had COVID-19 and recovered, you can get vaccinated as soon as you’re out of quarantine. However, if you were treated for COVID-19 with monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma, you should wait 90 days before getting a COVID-19 vaccine.

If you have received convalescent plasma therapy, please refrain from getting the COVID-19 vaccine for 90 days afterward.

You should delay getting the vaccine if you have received monoclonal therapy within the previous 90 days.

You do not get COVID from the vaccine, so you are not considered contagious with regards to receiving the vaccine.

Stopping a pandemic requires using all the tools available. Vaccines work with your immune system so your body will be ready to fight the virus if you are exposed. Other steps, like wearing masks and social distancing, help reduce your chance of being exposed to the virus or spreading it to others. Together, being vaccinated for COVID-19 and following CDC's recommendations to protect yourself and others will offer the best protection from COVID-19. If you receive the vaccine, you significantly reduce your body’s ability to host the virus, thus slowing the spread.

The FDA and CDC authorized a booster dose of COVID-19 vaccines for everyone age 12 and older who received both doses of the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine five or more months ago, or the Johnson & Johnson vaccine two or more months ago.

A second booster dose has been authorized under these conditions:

  • A second booster dose of the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine may be administered to individuals 50 years of age and older at least 4 months after receipt of a first booster dose of any COVID-19 vaccine.
  • A second booster dose of the Pfizer vaccine may be administered to individuals 12 years of age and older with certain kinds of immunocompromise at least 4 months after receipt of a first booster dose of any COVID-19 vaccine. These are people who have undergone solid organ transplantation, or who are living with conditions that are considered to have an equivalent level of immunocompromise.
  • A second booster dose of the Moderna vaccine may be administered at least 4 months after the first booster dose of any COVID-19 vaccine to individuals 18 years of age and older with the same certain kinds of immunocompromise.

A: It depends on the vaccine manufacturer.


This vaccine is available to all ages beginning at age 6 months. The strength of the dosage and the number of doses recommended depends on the age of the person being vaccinated. If you are younger than age 18, you must have a parent or legal guardian with you at the time of the vaccination.  

A Pfizer booster shot is available to those age 5 and older who have received:

  • Their primary series of the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine at least three months ago, or
  • The Johnson & Johnson vaccine two or more months ago

A second booster shot may be given at least four months after the first booster for ages 12 and up, and for those who are considered immunocompromised.


This vaccine is available for children ages 6 months to 5 years. The vaccine also is available to adults beginning at age 18. It currently is not available for individuals ages 6 through 17. The strength of the dosage and the number of doses recommended depends on the age of the person being vaccinated. Anyone younger than age 18 must be accompanied by a parent or legal guardian.  

A Moderna booster shot is available to those 18 and older who have received:

  • Their primary series of the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine at least three months ago, or
  • The Johnson & Johnson vaccine two or more months ago

A second booster shot may be given at least four months after the first booster for ages 18 and up, and for those who are considered immunocompromised.


 You must be at least 18 years old to receive the vaccine. 

Yes, you should receive both doses of the vaccine, even if you previously tested positive for COVID-19.

The CDC does not recommend antibody testing for assessing immunity after getting the vaccine. In clinical trials, the Pfizer-BioNTech (Comirnaty)and Moderna vaccines were shown to protect people against the virus 95 percent of the time and 94 percent of the time, respectively. In addition, Johnson & Johnson's single-dose vaccine has been shown to be 66% percent effective at preventing moderate to severe disease from COVID-19 and 85% effective at preventing severe disease.  But that does not mean everyone who gets the vaccine would test positive for antibodies.  Many antibody tests do not measure antibodies from the vaccine. The Antibody tests that are provided by most labs serve to detect if you have had the actual virus not the vaccination.

Beginning April 5, 2022, federal funding was no longer available for COVID-19 vaccines. The vaccines are no longer free. Your insurance may cover the cost, so be sure to bring your insurance card with you. 

Yes, mixing and matching of vaccine types (Pfizer, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson) is approved for booster doses only. This means you can take booster dose(s) of Moderna after a Johnson & Johnson (Janssen) vaccination, you could have Pfizer booster dose(s) after a Moderna vaccine series, or any other combination.

What is not approved is mixing vaccine types and manufacturers within a series. For instance, if you start your vaccine series with Pfizer, you should get both initial doses of Pfizer. The same is true with Moderna, which also requires an initial two-dose series. For someone who is immunocompromised and needs one or two booster doses, all doses, initial and boosters, should be from the same manufacturer. 

Vaccine Safety Questions

Safety is a top priority for vaccine development. For more information, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s website. There are rigorous phases and scientific principles in developing a new vaccine.

It is unlikely that you will have a serious reaction to the vaccine. However, as is customary with vaccines, we will ask that you remain in the vaccine clinic for about 15 minutes after receiving the shot so that the nursing staff can monitor for an immediate severe reaction. As is customary, we will also have EpiPens on hand to address unusual reactions such as an anaphylactic reaction. 

If you have a severe reaction after leaving the vaccine clinic, contact your primary care provider. If the reaction is severe enough, you should report to the nearest emergency department, and/or call 911. If you were to have a reaction, it would be more likely to be of a reactogenic nature – in other words, normal side effects to vaccination that imply a working immune system. This could include local soreness; low-grade fever; malaise; or headache. This reaction would appear within 48 hours of vaccination and would be expected to end in one to two days. 

If you have had allergic reactions to other vaccines, you might not want to get the vaccine.

Side effects are minimal. The most common side effects include fatigue, headache, soreness or redness at the injection site, and muscle or joint pain; these should not prevent you from getting a vaccine that can prevent you from catching or spreading this deadly virus. You should expect to see such a reaction within 48 hours of vaccination, and it would be expected to end in one to two days.

Blood clots involving blood vessels in the brain, lungs, abdomen, and legs along with low levels of platelets (blood cells that help your body stop bleeding), have occurred in some people who have received the Johnson & Johnson (Janssen) COVID-19 vaccine. In people who developed these blood clots and low levels of platelets, symptoms began approximately one to two weeks after vaccination. Blood clots with low levels of platelets following the Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine have been reported in males and females, across a wide age range of individuals 18 years and older; reporting has been highest in females ages 30 through 49 years (about 8 cases for every 1,000,000 vaccine doses administered), and about 1 out of every 7 cases has been fatal. Learn more in this fact sheet.

No. The vaccines currently available in the United States trick the cells into making the spike protein from the coronavirus — the one that causes the virus to adhere to receptors in the body’s cells and make you sick. As a result, the body begins producing antibodies to the spike proteins to protect you. These vaccines do not use the live virus that causes COVID-19.

Like other viral infections, COVID-19 is more likely to cause severe disease or death in pregnant women. For this reason, the vaccine should not be withheld from pregnant women, and they should be encouraged to receive it. The Moderna and Pfizer (Comirnaty) vaccines (mRNA vaccines) should not be withheld from pregnant or lactating women, or women trying to get pregnant. If a woman has any questions about the safety of a COVID vaccine, then they should discuss with their Ob/Gyn. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has provided clinical guidance on this topic.

We encourage you to get both doses of the vaccine to get its full benefit. Side effects, whether after the first or second dose, are the body’s natural response to a vaccine booster shot. It is, in fact, confirmation that the vaccine is working by boosting your body’s immune response to COVID-19. Side effects such as fever, chills, fatigue, and headache generally resolve themselves within 24 hours, and most people experience no significant side effects. It is important to keep in mind that any side effects from the vaccine pale in comparison to the potential impact on your health if you contract the virus.

In most cases, discomfort from pain or fever is a normal sign that the body is building protection. Contact a doctor or healthcare provider:

  • If the redness or tenderness where the shot was given gets worse after 24 hours
  • If the side effects are worrying or do not seem to be going away after a few days

If you or your child get a COVID-19 vaccine and you think you or they might be having a severe allergic reaction after leaving the vaccination site, seek immediate medical care by calling 911.

Logistics Questions

You should plan for your appointment to last about 30 minutes.

Please arrive promptly but not more than five minutes prior to your appointment; this will help us to maintain social distancing in the clinic areas.

We understand that you may be a bit nervous about getting vaccinated. This is natural. Sometimes nervousness causes people to skip meals. Unless you are directed differently by your health care provider, we encourage you to keep well hydrated with water both before and after your vaccine appointment and also make sure you don’t skip a meal before your appointment. Being well nourished and hydrated can help you avoid unnecessary side effects of the vaccination process, including dizziness and fainting.

For more information on what to bring to your appointment, when to arrive, and more, visit our Preparing For Your Vaccination page.